Maintenance, Safety, and Operating Procedures for your Oil Lamp
Best Fuels for Indoor Lamps:
1) Lamp Light Farms “Medallion” clear lamp oil. I get mine at Wal-Mart, but it can be found at K-Mart and many of your local hardware stores. Just make sure it has the round medallion on it, is clear, and reads “Medallion”
2) Klean-Strip “Klean-Heat” kerosene substitute. Less than 10 PPM of Sulfur. Found at many indoor kerosene heater dealers.
3) Original Aladdin lamp oil. Sold by Aladdin dealers everywhere.
4) “Pearl” lamp oil. Found at Rembering Yesterday in Sebastupol, Ca. and Grandmother’s Antiques and Lamps in Angels Camp, Ca.
Worst Fuels for Indoor Lamps:
1) Any fuel containing Pariffin. 99% and 100% Pariffin Oil will plug up wick, thus impeding the correct capillary action of the wick. It will reduce the candlepower of the lamp and solidify in environments below room temperature.
2) 1-K Clear Kerosene (often called K-1) releases approx. 400 PPM of sulfur when burning, producing sulpher dioxide. This kerosene, in my opinion, is better used outdoors. It is great mixed 50-50 with Citranella oil for outdoor use.
3) Any “Dyed” or “Colored” lamp oil. These dyes will have the same effect on the wick as pariffin and may permanently discolor the lamp or burner.
4) Citranella should always be used outdoors. It will also plug the wicks but mixing with kerosene will help reduce wick replacement.
Never Use These Fuels in Lamps:
2) Coleman Fuel
3) White Gas.
4) Solvents and Explosive chemicals such as Acetone, Benzine, Xylene, Mineral Spirits, Paint Thinners, Diesel Fuels, Turpentine, etc.
Adding Fuel and Lighting:
1) Always remove the oil fount from hanging or wall lamps before filling.
2) Place the oil lamp or oil font on a firm, level surface.
3) Remove the lamp chimney.
4) Unscrew burner assembly carefully. DO NOT use the shaft & thumbwheel assembly as a lever.
5) Wet wick and burner assemblies should be placed on/in a container to prevent mess.
6) Fill oil container to 3/4 of its capacity.
7) Adjust wick so that it shows just over the top of the burner.
8) Trim with sharp scissors, or round wick trimmer for round wicks, to make the wick flat and level. I like slightly snipping the corners of the flat wicks.
9) Replace burner and allow wick to become saturated for at least 5 minutes; 30 minutes if new wick.
10) Lower wick until level with top of burner.
11) Light wick.
12) Lower wick until the flame is showing slightly above the burner top (aprox. 3/8”)
13) Replace chimney.
14) Turn wick up slightly to heat chimney for approximately 5 minutes. This is to avoid cracking or shattering of the cold chimney glass.
15) The wick should then be adjusted to give reasonable light without smoking. Adjustment, up or down, to the wick may be needed as the chimney becomes hotter.
16) Keep an eye on Aladdin lamps after lighting and adjusting wicks. The wick may have to be lowered to prevent a mantle “Flare Up” as the chimney heat increases.
1) Turn wick down even with burner wick tube.
2) Cup hand over chimney top and blow sharp and quickly across chimney top into cupped hand. DO NOT TOUCH HOT CHIMNEY WITH HAND!
3) Let the chimney cool down completely before re-lighting or adding fuel to lamp.
General Safety Rules:
1) Make sure ceiling and wall mounts are strong enough to hold the weight of the lamps.
2) Always set stand (table) lamps on a firm, level surface.
3) Do not leave burning lamps unattended.
4) Keep lamps out of the reach of children and pets.
5) Use both hands to carry an oil filled lamp, with one hand under the lamp.
6) Use both hands to extend a ceiling lamp for maintenance or lighting.
7) REMEMBER: Antique glass is very susceptible to sudden temperature changes. Maintain a consistent temperature were they are showcased and avoid handling the glass with hot or cold hands.
General Maintenance Suggestions:
1) Keep replacement wicks, mantles and chimneys on hand.
2) Drain and replace fuel yearly unless the lamp is burnt, and fuel replenished, on a regular basis.
3) After usage, if pariffin oil is used in an emergency, drain oil from lamp and replace wick.
4) Keep chimneys clean. Wash with dish soap and warm water. Spray on glass cleaners (Foam Type) also work well. CAUTION: Always use care when handling chimneys. They break very easily! Let them cool to room temperature before washing.
5) Trim wicks regularly to insure the best flame.